Picker's music displays a distinctively soulful style that is one of the glories of the current musical scene. - BBC Music Magazine

Tobias Picker (b. New York City, 1954), called “our finest composer for the lyric stage” by The Wall Street Journal, is a composer of numerous works in every genre drawing performances by the world’s leading musicians, orchestras and opera houses. Picker began composing at the age of eight and studied at the Manhattan School of Music, The Juilliard School and Princeton University where his principal teachers were Charles Wuorinen, Elliott Carter and Milton Babbitt. His first commissions occurred while still in his late teens and he quickly became established as one of America’s most sought after young composers.

By the age of thirty, Picker was the recipient of numerous awards and honors including the Bearns Prize (Columbia University), a Charles Ives Scholarship, and a Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship. He received the prestigious Award in Music from the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1992 and was elected to lifetime membership in the Academy in 2012. Picker served as the first composer-in-residence of the Houston Symphony from 1985-90, and has served as composer-in-residence for such major international festivals as the Santa Fe Chamber Music Festival and the Pacific Music Festival. From 2010-2015, Picker served as Artistic Director of Opera San Antonio.

The Santa Fe Opera gave the world premiere of Picker’s internationally acclaimed first opera Emmeline in 1996. It was subsequently broadcast nationally on the PBS “Great Performances” series. The opera played to sold-out houses and international critical acclaim, and the opera’s premiere at New York City Opera was hailed by The New York Times as one of the ten most significant musical events of 1998. Opera Theatre of St. Louis mounted a major new production in June 2015, which garnered universal acclaim as “one of the best operas written in the past 25 years (The Wall Street Journal).

Picker’s second opera, based on Roald Dahl’s Fantastic Mr. Fox and commissioned and premiered by the Los Angeles Opera in a production starring Gerald Finley, established Picker as a composer whose appeal crosses all boundaries of age. Fantastic Mr. Fox recently completed a sold-out, three-year run at London’s Opera Holland Park, and the English Touring Opera toured the work extensively in England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland. OPERA San Antonio presented a new production of Fantastic Mr. Fox, created especially for the inaugural season of the Tobin Center, in September 2014. The Boston Modern Orchestra Project will release the premiere recording of Fantastic Mr. Fox in its original orchestration and featuring Opera San Antonio’s acclaimed cast.

A consortium of The Dallas Opera, San Diego Opera, and Opéra de Montréal commissioned Picker’s third opera, Thérèse Raquin, which was staged by Francesca Zambello. A reduced verison of Thérèse Raquin was commissioned by Opera Theatre Europe and given its London premiere at Covent Garden ROH2. The reduced version has since received productions with Dicapo Opera Theatre, Long Beach Opera, Chicago Opera Theatre, Boston University Opera Institute, and Microscopic Opera.

The Metropolitan Opera commissioned Picker’s fourth opera, An American Tragedy, based on the novel by Theodore Dreiser (which also inspired the film A Place in the Sun). The world premiere of the opera took place at the Met in December 2005, featuring Patricia Racette, Nathan Gunn, Susan Graham, and Dolora Zajick in principal roles. The production was directed by Francesca Zambello and conducted by James Conlon. The Glimmerglass Festival gave the premiere of the revised version of An American Tragedy to wide acclaim in 2014.

Picker’s fifth opera, Dolores Claiborne, based on the Stephen King novel, starred Patricia Racette and Elizabeth Futral at its world premiere presented by San Francisco Opera in September 2013. Dolores Claiborne was hailed as “a triumph” (Opera News), “the best of his five operas” (The Los Angeles Times), “a brilliant musical incarnation” (The Huffington Post) and “an unflinching addition to the repertoire” (San Francisco Chronicle).

Picker’s symphonic music, including his famous tone poem Old and Lost Rivers, composed while he was composer-in-residence at the Houston Symphony, has been commissioned and performed by major orchestras around the world such as the BBC Philharmonic, Chicago Symphony, Cleveland Orchestra, Helsinki Philharmonic, L’Orchestre de Paris, Munich Philharmonic, New York Philharmonic, Philadelphia Orchestra, San Francisco Symphony, Vienna RSO, and Zurich Tonhalle. His second piano concerto, Keys to the City (commissioned by the City of New York on the occasion of the centenary of the Brooklyn Bridge) is a perennial favorite, called “a vivid musical portrait of New York” by The New York Times and recorded by Jeremy Denk on Chandos, along with his Cello Concerto and the orchestral work And Suddenly It’s Evening.

The Encantadas (for actor and orchestra) features texts drawn from Herman Melville’s poetic descriptions of the Galapagos Islands and was recorded by the Houston Symphony with Sir John Gielgud; it has been performed throughout the world in seven languages. In addition to his five operas, Picker’s catalogue includes four symphonies, four piano concertos, concertos for violin, viola, cello and oboe, song cycles, string quartets, and chamber music. His ballet Awakenings, based on the themes and case studies in the novel of the same name by neurologist Dr. Oliver Sacks, was commissioned by the Rambert Dance Company, which toured the work throughout the UK in 2011, performing it 80 times.

His extensive discography has been recorded on such labels as Nonesuch, Sony Classics, Virgin Classics, Chandos, Ondine, and Albany Records. Most recently, Wergo and Tzadik have devoted complete albums to Picker’s chamber music spanning the years 1976 to 2011, including the album Invisible Lilacs released by Tzadik in March 2014.

Picker’s first four operas received new productions in the 2014-2015 season at The Glimmerglass Festival (An American Tragedy), Opera San Antonio (Fantastic Mr. Fox), Opera Theatre of St. Louis (Emmeline), Chicago Opera Theater and Long Beach Opera (Thérèse Raquin). Called “seductive yet enigmatic” by The Washington Post, Picker’s new large-scale orchestral work Opera Without Words received its world premiere with the National Symphony Orchestra in 2016, conducted by Christoph Eschenbach. His music is published by Schott Helicon Music Corporation.

May 9, 2016

Tobias Picker, compositeur

Tobias Picker est né à New York City en 1954.

Il a étudié à la Manhattan School of Music, à la Julliard School et à l'Université de Princeton. Dès le début de sa carrière, qu'il commença très jeune, il se voit décerner des prix prestigieux : il est distingué par la Fondation Nationale Américaine pour les Arts, la Fondation Guggenheim et l'Académie Américaine des Arts et des Lettres. En 1978, Picker a 24 ans à peine, et le critique Andrew Porter le qualifie, dans le New Yorker Magazine, de "artiste authentique doué d'une veine créatrice aussi fertile que spontanée."

Sa production embrasse toutes les catégories musicales, elle comprend des opéras, des symphonies, des concerti, des chansons et de nombreuses partitions de musique de chambre. L'une de ses œuvres orchestrales, le magistral poème symphonique "Old and Lost Rivers", a été très largement joué par des orchestres de renom à travers le monde. Kurt Masur, Christoph Eschenbach, Lorin Maazel, Peter Serkin,... Les plus grands chefs d'aujourd'hui et les interprètes les plus en vue ont donné vie à sa musique. James Levine a récemment dirigé la création européenne de sa "Symphonie nº 2", à la tête de l'Orchestre Philharmonique de Munich.

Depuis une dizaine d'années, Tobias Picker se consacre plus particulièrement à l'opéra. Son travail dans ce domaine a été accueilli avec enthousiasme au niveau international, et il est aujourd'hui considéré comme l'un des plus importants compositeurs d'opéra aux Etats-Unis. Ses œuvres sont connues pour leur force émotionnelle et leur impact dramatique, et appréciées pour leur ligne mélodique et leur rigueur intellectuelle. La création de son premier opéra "Emmeline", à Santa Fé en 1996, repris ensuite par le New York City Opera, a été qualifiée d'"événement musical le plus significatif de l'année." Peter G. Davis, du New Yorker Magazine, écrit alors dans le New Yorker Magazine, "Picker tient la promesse faite il y a treize ans de réaliser une œuvre majeure."

Après ce succès, Tobias Picker a composé "Fantastic Mr Fox", à la demande de la Fondation Roald Dahl, pour l'Opéra de Los Angeles. Son troisième opéra, "Thérèse Raquin", commandé par les opéras de Dallas, San Diego et Montréal, a été créé le 30 novembre 2001 à Dallas.

Picker est aujourd'hui reconnu aux USA comme l'un des compositeurs majeurs pour l'opéra. Son quatrième opéra, "An American Tragedy", commandé par le Metropolitan Opera, d'après le roman éponyme de Théodore Dreiser - porté à l'écran en 1951, sous le titre de "Une place au soleil", avec Elizabeth Taylor et Montgomery Clift - a été créè en décembre 2005. Une version opéra de chambre de Thérèse Raquin a été donnée en mars 2006 à Londres par le Linbury Studio du Royal Opera House à Covent Garden. Une nouvelle production de cette version chambriste sera montée a New York par la compagnie Dicapo Opera Theatre en février 2007.

La musique de Tobias Picker est largement enregistrée. Chandos Records a récemment fait paraître une compilation de sa musique orchestrale - incluant le Concerto pour Violoncelle, Keys to the City, And Suddenly It's Evening - ainsi que le premier enregistrement de son troisième opéra Thérèse Raquin. Sa musique a notamment été enregistrée par Sony Classical, Virgin Classics, Nonesuch, Ondine, First EditionŠ

Traduction: © Maxime Ohayon